Liquefied petroleum gas, which is sometimes referred to as LPG or LP gas, is a hydrocarbon. LPG should not be confused with natural gas. Even though natural gas is also a hydrocarbon, they have different compounds.
The two main compounds used in LPG are butane (C4H10) and propane (C3H8). LPG can consist of different amounts of these two compounds depending on the climate in which it will be used. An LPG mixture containing more propane is better suited for colder climates and mixtures containing more butane are better suited to warmer climates.
LPG is a gas under normal atmospheric conditions, but it is stored in liquid form by increasing the pressure. When this is done, it can easily be transported and stored in a safe and concentrated form which is a source of high-energy fuel.
Liquefied petroleum gas has a high heating value and is a much cleaner source of energy than chlorofluorocarbon. It is a very reliable source of energy, especial in gas engines, as it has a very consistent quality. These qualities make it ideal for use in a wide variety of burners and boilers, forklifts, cooking appliances, heating appliances and car engines.
LPG is extracted during the natural gas production process or is produced during the oil refining process. This makes LPG comparatively low cost, which combined with its high calorific value, makes it one of the best sources of energy for use in manufacturing, horticultural, agricultural, commercial and industrial applications.
One should take care when using LPG as it is a very powerful source of energy and thus it can be hazardous when one does not use it safely and responsibly. Should you detect an LPG leak, make sure that you open all windows and doors. Do not light any source of open fire, like a match or lighter if you suspect that there is an LPG leak nearby.
Liquefied petroleum gas may be an economical source of fuel, but it should always be treated with care and respect as it is highly flammable and not easy to detect.